ABOUT POLLINATION & CARE of HONEY BEES

Healthy Strong Bees

image193

Honey bees are essential for successful pollination of almonds and about 90 other foods.

Precautions to follow to protect honey bees during the almond pollination season

image194

1. Maintain clear communication among all parties involved, regarding the specifics of pesticide applications.

2. If it is necessary to spray the orchard, do so in the late afternoons or evenings.

3. Avoid applying insecticides during bloom

4. Avoid tank-mixing products during bloom

Prepare for the bees

image195

Hives should be placed:

  • Where they are accessible and convenient at all hours for servicing and removal
  • If possible, near flowering forage before bloom and after bloom
  • With Eastern and Southern exposures for hive openings to encourage bee flight
  • Away from areas of shade and flooding
  • Orchards 40 acres or less, hives should be placed outside of the orchard
  • Orchards 40 acres or more , should be placed no more than a quarter-mile intervals within the orchard

Growers Responsibilities

image196

  • Provide a clear area for drop off and keep it maintained at all times
  • Provide enough portable water with burlap landing, free from contamination for the bees to drink, which should be checked and refilled throughout the time the  bees are there
  • At 10% bloom move the hives into the orchard

Management practices for pest control during almond bloom

image197

  1. Read all labels carefully & follow directions
  2. Do not use pesticides with cautions on the label that read, "highly toxic to bees", "residual times", or "extended residual toxicity"
  3. Avoid applying insecticides during almond bloom
  4. Apply fungicides in the late afternoon or evening, when bees and pollen are not around
  5. Remove or cover water sources before spraying
  6. Do not directly spray hives, turn off nozzles when near hives


Removing Honey Bees from the orchard

image198

The best time to remove the honey bees is when 90% of the flowers on the latest blooming variety are at petal fall.