Mowing can influence the effectiveness of irrigation, fertility, and disease and insect management practices.
Trees are pruned for a number of reasons including:
Although weeds are present in every orchard, there are wide variations in the species growing and density of each population. Just as scouting for insects and diseases is well established in integrated pest management, scouting for weeds is the basis for Integrated Weed Management (IWM). Information gathered from weed scouting allows growers to:
• identify weeds present early in the season when they can cause yield losses
• match herbicides to weeds
• choose cultivator for weed stage
• alter cultural practices for different weed life cycles
• discover weed patches before they spread through field
• identify areas to avoid cultivation
• identify areas for spot treatments
• choose the optimum timing for maximum control
Effective irrigation will influence the entire growth process from seedbed preparation, germination, root growth, nutrient utilization, plant growth and regrowth, yield and quality.
Water management is one of the largest and most important inputs into an orchard. You need adequate moisture to maintain growth. Dry summers combined with shallow, fragile soils means that mid-summer following irrigation, there may only be around a two or three day water supply at optimum levels held in the soil. Orchard trees are dependent on a regular irrigation supplied on demand, and dictated by the prevailing weather conditions.
Trees require nutrients to live and thrive. When one or more of these nutrients are deficient in the soil, the tree will not reach its full landscape potential, will be more susceptible to disease and insect problems, and will have a shorter life than a similar, well-fertilized tree.
Nutrients are best applied to the root zone at the time of greatest need, which is typically early in the season.
Shredding has been proven to be not only very efficient when done correctly and with the proper equipment, but environmentally friendly, and prevent the need to make multiple passes through the row in which leads to, and increases soil compaction.